Category: Publication

An Outbreak of Aeromonas hydrophila Food Poisoning in Deptsang Village, Samdrup Jongkhar, Bhutan, 2016

Background: An outbreak investigation was carried out to determine the cause and confirm the source of food poisoning in Deptsang village for implementing prevention and control measures. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study for the outbreak investigation. Stool specimens were collected from cases to perform culture and antibiogram. The team also inspected the environment… [Read more]

This was posted on Thursday, December 29th, 2016 By in Publication .

A Novel strain of Shigella species outbreak in a residential school in Pemagatshel, Bhutan, 2012

Background: A cluster of suspected shigellosis was reported from health center in Pemagatshel district to Royal Center for Disease Control on 14th May 2012. The investigation was done to determine the cause and risk factor for the outbreak so that appropriate control and prevention measures can be implemented. Methods: A descriptive study was used for… [Read more]

This was posted on Wednesday, December 28th, 2016 By in Publication .

Measles outbreak in Sakteng Lower Secondary School and Joenkhar community under Tashigang District in October and November 2016

Suspected Measles is one of the immediately notifiable diseases where every health center in Bhutan has to notify it to Royal Centre for Disease Control (RCDC) under National Early Warning Alert and Response Surveillance (NEWARS) through web based online Information System (NEWARSIS) As per the Measles and Rubella surveillance, the last single measles case was… [Read more]

This was posted on Friday, December 2nd, 2016 By in Publication, Report .

A case report on Meningococcal septicaemia in Kalabazaar, Thimphu, November 2016

We report here a case study of meningococcal septicaemia caused by Neisseria meningitides in Kalabazaar, Thimphu on November 2016. The one-year old patient had no history of contact with any infected individuals in the past two weeks before his onset, neither did he travel anywhere besides his one-storey traditional residence. The patient was hospitalized and… [Read more]

This was posted on Monday, November 28th, 2016 By in Publication .

Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Bhutan, August 2011 to July 2012

This study aimed to describe the factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Bhutan. The study covered all MDR-TB patients admitted to Gidhakom Hospital, Thimphu from August 2011 to July 2012. Data were collected from MDR-TB registers, laboratory registers and inpatient records as well as from interview with patients about demographic characteristics, history of previous… [Read more]

This was posted on Monday, September 19th, 2016 By in Publication .

An Outbreak of Shigellosis in a Remote Village of Mongar District, Bhutan from March to April 2011

On 26 Mar 2011, staff at Mongar Hospital in Bhutan was notified of an outbreak of bloody diarrhea in a remote village. An investigation was conducted to determine the magnitude of outbreak and the source of infection. A case was defined as an individual in the village who developed diarrhea between 18 Mar 2011 and… [Read more]

This was posted on Monday, September 19th, 2016 By in Publication, Report .

Assessment of HIV risk behaviors, practices and knowledge among people living with HIV in Bhutan, 2011

Introduction: A total of 217 HIV positive cases have been reported in Bhutan as of 2010. A descriptive study toassess the knowledge and behavioral practices among 116 of those persons living with HIV (PLHIV) was conductedin 2011. Methods: Data on demographic characteristics, sexual behavior, alcohol consumption: mobility and HIVknowledge both before and after testing positive… [Read more]

This was posted on Monday, September 19th, 2016 By in Publication .

Investigation of Suspected Peripheral Neuropathy Outbreak in Dechentsemo Central School, Thinleygang, Punakha

Background: A suspected peripheral neuropathy outbreak was reported from Dechentsemo Central School, Thinleygang, Punakha, following which the investigation team was immediately dispatched in the field. Objective: The aim of investigation was to ascertain the cause and risk factor for the outbreak in order to implement control measures. Methods: A case control study was devised for… [Read more]

This was posted on Saturday, September 17th, 2016 By in Publication, Report .

South Asia as a Reservoir for the Global Spread of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Shigella sonnei: A Cross-Sectional Study

Antimicrobial resistance is a major issue in the Shigellae, particularly as a specific multidrug-resistant (MDR) lineage of Shigella sonnei (lineage III) is becoming globally dominant. Ciprofloxacin is a recommended treatment for Shigella infections. However, ciprofloxacinresistant S. sonnei are being increasingly isolated in Asia and sporadically reported on other continents. We hypothesized that Asia is a… [Read more]

This was posted on Sunday, August 7th, 2016 By in Publication .

Where chloroquine still works: the genetic make-up and susceptibility of Plasmodium vivax to chloroquine plus primaquine in Bhutan

More than 2.8 billion people are reported to be at risk of Plasmodium vivax infection worldwide [1, 2], the number of reported infections ranging from 19 to 240 million cases each year [3]. As the incidence of Plasmodium falciparum decreases in many areas of Asia, P. vivax has emerged as the more prominent species. P. vivax exhibits important… [Read more]

This was posted on Monday, May 16th, 2016 By in Publication .