Category: Publication

Dominance of Emerging G9 and G12 Genotypes and Polymorphism of VP7 and VP4 of Rotaviruses from Bhutanese Children with Severe Diarrhea Prior to the Introduction of Vaccine

Bhutan is a small landlocked country located between India and China. Part of the population is concentrated in the capital Thimphu, but most are scattered sparsely throughout the country. Diarrhea is a major cause of illness and death in Bhutanese children, and the morbidity rate from diarrhea in ,5 years old children is 314.6/1,000 population… [Read more]

This was posted on Thursday, August 13th, 2015 By in Publication .

Epidemiology of dog bites and Rabies post exposure prophylaxis in Bhutan, 2009–2012

Dog bites in human and expenses incur on anti-rabies treatment is a public health problem in Bhutan. In this study we describe the epidemiology of dog bites and the use of human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) vaccine in Bhutan for a period of four years (2009-2012). Dog bites and PEP treatment data (18,813 patients’) were… [Read more]

This was posted on Thursday, August 13th, 2015 By in Publication , .

Novel Human Bufavirus Genotype 3 in Children with Severe Diarrhea Bhutan

We identified a new genotype of bufavirus, BuV3, in fecal samples (0.8%) collected to determine the etiology of diarrhea in children in Bhutan. Norovirus GII.6 was detected in 1 sample; no other viral diarrheal pathogens were detected, suggesting BuV3 as a cause of diarrhea. This study investigates genetic diversity of circulating BuVs. Read Full

This was posted on Thursday, August 13th, 2015 By in Publication .

Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Bhutan, August 2011 to July 2012

This study aimed to describe the factors associated with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Bhutan. The study covered all MDR-TB patients admitted to Gidhakom Hospital, Thimphu from August 2011 to July 2012. Data were collected from MDR-TB registers, laboratory registers and inpatient records as well as from interview with patients about demographic characteristics, history of previous… [Read more]

This was posted on Thursday, August 13th, 2015 By in Publication .

Influenza surveillance from November 2008 to 2011;including pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in Bhutan

The first case of A(H1N1)pdm09 infection was detected in Bhutan in July 2009, 3 months after the virus was first reported in Mexico in April 2009. During the official WHO pandemic period( 11 June 2009 to 8 August 2010), a total of 2149 samples were collected and tested by RT-PCR of which 22.7% (487) were… [Read more]

This was posted on Thursday, August 13th, 2015 By in Publication .

Rotavirus burden 2013 manuscript(Article under peer review)

During the study period, a total of 284 children (1 in 45) were hospitalized, and 2,220 children (1 in 6 children) attended the outpatient clinic with diarrhea. Group A rotavirus was detected in 5% of the stool samples from the hospitalized children with diarrhea. Overall, 22.3% of the stool samples were rotavirus-positive, and the majority… [Read more]

This was posted on Thursday, August 13th, 2015 By in Publication .

Chikungunya Fever Outbreak,Bhutan, 2012

In 2012, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) was reported for the first time in Bhutan. IgM ELISA results were positive for 36/210 patient samples; PCR was positive for 32/81. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed that Bhutan CHIKV belongs to the East/Central/South African genotype. Appropriate responses to future outbreaks require a system of surveillance and improved laboratory capacity Read Full

This was posted on Thursday, August 13th, 2015 By in Publication .

Outbreak Investigation Report on Scrub Typhus in Singye Namgyel Primary School, Wangduephodrang

Following the death of a 17 years old female student from Singye Namgyel Primary school Migtena village, Athang geog under Wangduephodrang district on 28/08/14 at JDWNR Hospital with provisional diagnosis of viral encephalitis, a rapid response team from Wangduephodrang visited the area and mitigation measures were implemented. Another 8 years old female student expired on… [Read more]

This was posted on Friday, October 10th, 2014 By in Publication .